In this article we look at one of the most important parts of any anaerobic digestion plant, and that is its biogas engine.
Biogas Digester Engines
A biogas digester usually has a gas engine (normally called a biogas engine) and the most common is a reciprocating internal combustion engine (similar to those that run on diesel but with special modifications to run on methane gas) which transforms natural gases produced by an anaerobic digester into electrical power.
Image by Rolls-Royce Power Systems AG via Flickr
Medium size to big size structures that blend naturally degradable waste items (as an example sewage and food waste product) to produce their natural gases, anaerobic digesters generally have 4 phases on the interior: a mixing region where a great variety of strong waste product is delicately churned with a mixing apparatus, a sludge area, a liquid area, and biogas location at the top.
Biogas is taken from the top of the digester tank and treatment of the gas makes them sufficiently dry and non-corrosive for to be burnt in a gas engine.
In the list provided below we look at the likely primary benefits of biogas production.
Reduction in Energy Bills
Potentially the most evident advantage of bio-gas production is the removal of a center’s energy gas expense, as an anaerobic digester supplies all the gas a center needs, then some. Unlike traditional utility power fuel rates, the waste feedstock materials utilized to produce bio-gases are most likely to be low-cost and likely continue to be at low fixed prices.
Reduction of Electric Power Costs
Whenever a facility turns digester gas into electrical power, it may be able to not only cover its electrical expense, but bring in a reasonable income as well. This truly is primarily the case for two types of AD Plant facilities. These are regional/ large scale digesters, which have a great quantity of 100 % natural waste items due to their waste sources, and small to medium-sized facilities that have actually a sufficient sized digestion engine and anaerobic digester.
A Biogas Digester May Provide Free Electricity to Run Their Business
By getting rid of, or minimizing, their annual gas/electric bills, farms and other waste businesses have even more space in their energy spending plan.
In some circumstances, facilities use their energy cost savings to invest in energy efficiency technology that decreases their gas/electricity usage, hence expanding the availability of biogas for other uses.
A Biogas Digester Gives Chance to Offer Electric Power Back to the Grid
When facilities make even more electrical energy than they require, they can offer it to an utility supplier for a preset price per kilowatt-hour, which varies by state. Relying on the amount of electric power generated, this way could yield 1,000s of dollars of income every year.
Enhanced Eco Friendliness
The more a facility decreases its fossil fuel based energy consumption, the smaller sized its carbon footprint ends up being. An anaerobic digester enables these businesses to lessen or do away with their reliance upon fossil fuel energy, thus enhancing the eco-friendliness of their business.
Support for Emergency Situation Power Systems
Biogas is a perfect source of power for both gas powered generators and generators which operate on a mix of diesel and gas by means of a bi-fuel system. This provides for a reliable power supply even when the availabilty of feed stock (fuel) for the digester may be scarce.
When is Biogas Production a Great Idea?
Deciding whether or not to build a biogas production plant, needs the consideration of lots of requirements, especially, including:
- the expense of utilizing an anaerobic digester,
- the cost of delivering 100 % natural waste material if none is readily offered
- the cost of buying-in waste material if none is readily available
- and from this the return on investment (ROI) of the project.
When it comes to these together with other elements of bio-gas manufacturing, it is recommended that a discussion be held with specialists that have a detailed understanding of the balance of advantages and disadvantages of the operation for each site and business, and can advise on the need to engage outside contractors.
The need for contractors to help with running the plant once it has been built, like the need for a generator services company that specializes in biogas engine operation and maintenance, will have a cost that needs to be allowed for.
The next article asks the question: What is a Biogas Plant?